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Hình thức so sánh trong tiếng Anh

A. SO SÁNH CỦA TÍNH TỪ

1/ SO SÁNH HƠN
a/ Với tính từ ngắn
form: S + Be ( is/am/are ) + adj_er + than + O. ( có thể có ” than ” hoặc không )
VD: I’m taller than my younger brother.
The shorter girl is my elder sister.
b/ Với tính từ dài
form: S + be ( am/is/are ) + more + adj + than + O. ( có thể có ” than ” hoặc không )
VD: She is more beutiful than me.
Life is more comfortable now.


2/SO SÁNH NHẤT
a/ Với tính từ ngắn
form: S + be ( am/is/are ) + the adj_est + O ( in / of… ).
VD: I’m the youngest in my family.
Today was the hottest day of the month.
b/ Với tính từ dài
form: S + be ( is/am/are ) + the most + adi + O ( in/of… ).
VD: Who is the most intelligent in your class?
This exercise is the most difficult in my homework.

3/ SO SÁNH NGANG BẰNG
form: S + be/V ( + not ) + as + adj/ adv + as + O.
S + be/ V ( + not ) + the same ( + N ) + as + O.
VD: Huy’s brother isn’ t as handsome as him.
Nhung is the same age as Hoa.
B. SO SÁNH CỦA DANH TỪ

1/ SO SÁNH HƠN
form: S + V + more/ fewer/ less+ N(s) + than + O.
VD: Students in grade 8 have more lessons tha te ones in grade 6.
She has fewer brothers than me.

2/ SO SÁNH NHẤT
form: S + V + the most / the fewest/ the least + N(s).
VD: He earns the most money.
There are the fewest days in February.

3/SO SÁNH NGANG BẰNG
form: S + V + as + many/ much/ little/ few + N + as + O.
VD: They have as few class as we.
Before pay-day, I have as little money as my brother.
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